Prioritizing Corn Fields for Harvest

Submitted by Jerry Hartsock of Cutting Edge Consulting and Research, September 24, 2013

If you expect corn to field dry down to 15.5% moisture and then harvest, it is highly recommended to monitor/prioritize fields for harvest as some may become very frail or fragile by then.  Early wet conditions followed by dry late growing season conditions can lead to plants cannibalizing their lower stalks and roots to feed the ear.  Weak ear shanks also can be another symptom as well.

Digging up plants to examine root systems and doing the "BEND" test on 10-20 standing corn plants can yield much needed information on the condition of the plants integrity.  Pinching lower stalks can also give you insight on which fields may need to be harvested earliest.

Fields with better drainage, well fed and had foliar fungicide applied will tend to yield higher and be more structurally sound at harvest.  Fields following soybeans may also have better late season integrity than those continuous corn.

Keep in mind the HIGHEST yield occurs at a black layer (32-35% grain moisture).  As corn field drys we lose significant bushels/acre (20-30) due to phantom yield losses.  Combining high moisture corn at 25-30% delivers the highest yields and usually the highest returns on profit.  On farm drying can usually be completed by about 1/3 of the cost of taking corn to town and paying their drying/shrinkage charges.

Consider harvesting those fields first/early that are ear marked for corn again next year to get an advantage of residue breakdown via early tillage.  Vertical tillage immediately following the combine in September/October takes advantage of faster breakdown due to increased microbial activity.

Be safe and reap the joys of Harvest!

Jerry

For more information contact your local Regional Seed Company, or contact us at AgVenture@AgVenture.com.

 

Comments

"Digging up plants to examine root systems and doing the "BEND" test on 10-20 standing corn plants can yield much needed information on the condition of the plants integrity"- Year, this is very essential in agriculture, but one more important thing is to measure moisture percentage in order to find out maturity of ears.